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sonic容器swss启动过程

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sonic容器swss启动过程

sonic业务进程都是运行在容器中的,那容器启动后是如何启动它的服务呢。

要分析这个问题,首先要搞清楚容器构建过程。我们以docker-orchagent容器为例进行分析。

Dockerfile文件

sonic中的Dockerfile由Dockerfile.j2文件生成。

docker-orchagent/Dockerfile.j2

FROM docker-config-engine

ARG docker_container_name
RUN [ -f /etc/rsyslog.conf ] && sed -ri "s/%syslogtag%/$docker_container_name\/%syslogtag%/;" /etc/rsyslog.conf

## Make apt-get non-interactive
ENV DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive

RUN apt-get update

RUN apt-get install -f -y ifupdown arping libdbus-1-3 libdaemon0 libjansson4

## Install redis-tools dependencies
## TODO: implicitly install dependencies
RUN apt-get -y install libjemalloc1

COPY \
{% for deb in docker_orchagent_debs.split(' ') -%}
debs/{{ deb }}{{' '}}
{%- endfor -%}
debs/

RUN dpkg -i \
{% for deb in docker_orchagent_debs.split(' ') -%}
debs/{{ deb }}{{' '}}
{%- endfor %}

## Clean up
RUN apt-get clean -y; apt-get autoclean -y; apt-get autoremove -y
RUN rm -rf /debs

COPY ["files/arp_update", "/usr/bin"]
COPY ["enable_counters.py", "/usr/bin"]
COPY ["start.sh", "orchagent.sh", "swssconfig.sh", "/usr/bin/"]
COPY ["supervisord.conf", "/etc/supervisor/conf.d/"]

## Copy all Jinja2 template files into the templates folder
COPY ["*.j2", "/usr/share/sonic/templates/"]
#程序的入口点
ENTRYPOINT ["/usr/bin/supervisord"]

从上面的配置来看,容器启动后制定的程序为:/usr/bin/supervisord

Host启动容器

Host是以swss服务形式启动docker-orchagent容器的,使用如下命令可以看出:

admin@sonic:~$ sudo config reload -y
Running command: systemctl stop swss
Running command: systemctl stop pmon
Running command: systemctl stop teamd
Running command: sonic-cfggen -j /etc/sonic/config_db.json --write-to-db
Running command: systemctl restart hostname-config
Running command: systemctl restart interfaces-config
Running command: systemctl restart ntp-config
Running command: systemctl restart rsyslog-config
Running command: systemctl restart swss
Running command: systemctl restart teamd
Running command: systemctl restart pmon
admin@sonic:~$ 

我们查看一下swss的service文件

admin@sonic:~$ cat /etc/systemd/system/swss.service

[Unit]
Description=switch state service
Requires=database.service updategraph.service

After=database.service updategraph.service
After=interfaces-config.service


[Service]
User=root
# Wait for redis server start before database clean
ExecStartPre=/bin/bash -c 'until [[ $(/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli ping | grep -c PONG) -gt 0 ]]; do sleep 1; done'
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli -n 0 FLUSHDB
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli -n 1 FLUSHDB
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli -n 2 FLUSHDB
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli -n 5 FLUSHDB
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli -n 6 FLUSHDB



ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/swss.sh start 
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/syncd.sh start
ExecStart=/usr/bin/swss.sh attach

ExecStop=/usr/bin/swss.sh stop
ExecStopPost=/usr/bin/syncd.sh stop



[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

可以看出swss服务的启动程序是/usr/bin/swss.sh attach。在启动该服务之前,需要执行如下命令:

# Wait for redis server start before database clean
# 等待,直到redis可用,可用表示ping之后会返回PONG,那么grep -c PONG则为1大于0
ExecStartPre=/bin/bash -c 'until [[ $(/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli ping | grep -c PONG) -gt 0 ]]; do sleep 1; done'
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli -n 0 FLUSHDB
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli -n 1 FLUSHDB
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli -n 2 FLUSHDB
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli -n 5 FLUSHDB
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/docker exec database redis-cli -n 6 FLUSHDB
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/swss.sh start 
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/syncd.sh start

会清空数据库0,1,2,5,6,不会清空4(config_db),即会保留配置。还会启动/usr/bin/swss.sh start 和/usr/bin/syncd.sh start。

我们看一下/usr/bin/swss.sh脚本

#!/bin/bash

function getMountPoint()
{
    echo $1 |  python -c "import sys, json, os; mnts = [x for x in json.load(sys.stdin)[0]['Mounts'] if x['Destination'] == '/usr/share/sonic/hwsku']; print '' if len(mnts) == 0 else os.path.basename(mnts[0]['Source'])" 2>/dev/null
}

function postStartAction()
{
    docker exec swss rm -f /ready   # remove cruft
    if [[ -d /host/fast-reboot ]];
    then
        test -e /host/fast-reboot/fdb.json && docker cp /host/fast-reboot/fdb.json swss:/
        test -e /host/fast-reboot/arp.json && docker cp /host/fast-reboot/arp.json swss:/
        test -e /host/fast-reboot/default_routes.json && docker cp /host/fast-reboot/default_routes.json swss:/
        rm -fr /host/fast-reboot
    fi
    docker exec swss touch /ready   # signal swssconfig.sh to go
}

# Obtain our platform as we will mount directories with these names in each docker
PLATFORM=`sonic-cfggen -H -v DEVICE_METADATA.localhost.platform`
# Obtain our HWSKU as we will mount directories with these names in each docker
HWSKU=`sonic-cfggen -d -v 'DEVICE_METADATA["localhost"]["hwsku"]'`
#启动容器
start() {
    DOCKERCHECK=`docker inspect --type container swss 2>/dev/null`
    if [ "$?" -eq "0" ]; then
        DOCKERMOUNT=`getMountPoint "$DOCKERCHECK"`
        if [ "$DOCKERMOUNT" == "$HWSKU" ]; then
            echo "Starting existing swss container with HWSKU $HWSKU"
            docker start swss
            postStartAction
            exit 0
        fi

        # docker created with a different HWSKU, remove and recreate
        echo "Removing obsolete swss container with HWSKU $DOCKERMOUNT"
        docker rm -f swss
    fi
    echo "Starting new swss container with HWSKU $HWSKU"
    docker run -d --net=host --privileged -t -v /etc/network/interfaces:/etc/network/interfaces:ro -v /etc/network/interfaces.d/:/etc/network/interfaces.d/:ro -v /host/machine.conf:/host/machine.conf:ro -v /etc/sonic:/etc/sonic:ro -v /var/log/swss:/var/log/swss:rw  \
        --log-opt max-size=2M --log-opt max-file=5 \
        -v /var/run/redis:/var/run/redis:rw \
        -v /usr/share/sonic/device/$PLATFORM:/usr/share/sonic/platform:ro \
        -v /usr/share/sonic/device/$PLATFORM/$HWSKU:/usr/share/sonic/hwsku:ro \
        --tmpfs /tmp \
        --tmpfs /var/tmp \
        --name=swss docker-orchagent-bfn:latest || {
            echo "Failed to docker run" >&1
            exit 4
    }

    postStartAction
}

attach() {
    docker attach --no-stdin swss
}

stop() {
    docker stop swss
}

case "$1" in
    start|stop|attach)
        $1
        ;;
    *)
        echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|attach}"
        exit 1
        ;;
esac

从上面的脚本可以看出,Host使用如下命令启动容器:

docker run -d --net=host --privileged -t -v /etc/network/interfaces:/etc/network/interfaces:ro -v /etc/network/interfaces.d/:/etc/network/interfaces.d/:ro -v /host/machine.conf:/host/machine.conf:ro -v /etc/sonic:/etc/sonic:ro -v /var/log/swss:/var/log/swss:rw  \
        --log-opt max-size=2M --log-opt max-file=5 \
        -v /var/run/redis:/var/run/redis:rw \
        -v /usr/share/sonic/device/$PLATFORM:/usr/share/sonic/platform:ro \
        -v /usr/share/sonic/device/$PLATFORM/$HWSKU:/usr/share/sonic/hwsku:ro \
        --tmpfs /tmp \
        --tmpfs /var/tmp \
        --name=swss docker-orchagent-bfn:latest
  • -d, --detach Run container in background and print container ID

    我们单独的使用run只会启动容器,他会立即启动,相应然后就自动消失。你在这个时候使用exec命令已经太迟了。
    所以,当我们启动容器的时候一定要加上--detach或者-d来保持容器在后台持续运行。

  • --net=host 与host共享网络命名空间
  • --privileged Give extended privileges to this container 使用该参数,container内的root拥有真正的root权限
  • -v挂在host的一些目录到容器中。
  • --name=swss 容器名字为swss
  • docker-orchagent-bfn:latest 使用docker-orchagent-bfn:latest

命令没有携带CMD。

容器运行入口点

从Dockerfile.j2文件可以看出文件的入口点为ENTRYPOINT ["/usr/bin/supervisord"],使用supervisord进行进程监控,我们看一下supervisord的配置文件

进入swss容器后,我们查看启动了多少个进程。

root@switch:/# ps -ef
UID        PID  PPID  C STIME TTY          TIME CMD
root         1     0  0 09:48 ?        00:00:01 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/supervisord
root        20     1  0 09:48 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/watcherd
root        42     1  0 09:48 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/rsyslogd -n
root        47     1  0 09:48 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/orchagent -d /var/log/swss -b 8192 -m 00:90:fb:60:e2:8b
root        59     1  1 09:48 ?        00:00:23 /usr/bin/portsyncd -p /usr/share/sonic/hwsku/port_config.ini
root        62     1  0 09:48 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/intfsyncd
root        65     1  0 09:48 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/neighsyncd
root        77     1  0 09:49 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/vlanmgrd
root        94     1  0 09:49 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/intfmgrd
root       102     1  0 09:49 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/buffermgrd -l /usr/share/sonic/hwsku/pg_profile_lookup.ini
root       112     1  0 09:49 ?        00:00:00 /bin/bash /usr/bin/arp_update
root       335   112  0 10:24 ?        00:00:00 sleep 300
root       344     0  1 10:25 ?        00:00:00 bash
root       349   344  0 10:25 ?        00:00:00 ps -ef
root@switch:/# 

上面的结果/usr/bin/python /usr/bin/supervisord可以看出,supervisord启动的时候没有指定配置文件,那么其使用的是默认配置文件/etc/supervisor/supervisord.conf:

; supervisor config file

[unix_http_server]
file=/var/run/supervisor.sock   ; (the path to the socket file)
chmod=0700                       ; sockef file mode (default 0700)
username=dummy
password=dummy

[supervisord]
logfile=/var/log/supervisor/supervisord.log ; (main log file;default $CWD/supervisord.log)
pidfile=/var/run/supervisord.pid ; (supervisord pidfile;default supervisord.pid)
childlogdir=/var/log/supervisor            ; ('AUTO' child log dir, default $TEMP)
user=root

; the below section must remain in the config file for RPC
; (supervisorctl/web interface) to work, additional interfaces may be
; added by defining them in separate rpcinterface: sections
[rpcinterface:supervisor]
supervisor.rpcinterface_factory = supervisor.rpcinterface:make_main_rpcinterface

[supervisorctl]
serverurl=unix:///var/run/supervisor.sock ; use a unix:// URL  for a unix socket
username=dummy
password=dummy

; The [include] section can just contain the "files" setting.  This
; setting can list multiple files (separated by whitespace or
; newlines).  It can also contain wildcards.  The filenames are
; interpreted as relative to this file.  Included files *cannot*
; include files themselves.

[include]
files = /etc/supervisor/conf.d/*.conf

查看子配置文件files = /etc/supervisor/conf.d/*.conf

/etc/supervisor/conf.d/目录下只有一个文件supervisord.conf:

[supervisord]
logfile_maxbytes=1MB
logfile_backups=2
nodaemon=true

#运行start.sh,优先级为1
[program:start.sh]
command=/usr/bin/start.sh
priority=1
autostart=true
autorestart=false
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

#rsyslogd,优先级为2
[program:rsyslogd]
command=/usr/sbin/rsyslogd -n
priority=2
autostart=false
autorestart=false
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

#rsyslogd,优先级为2
[program:orchagent]
command=/usr/bin/orchagent.sh
priority=3
autostart=false
autorestart=false
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

#rsyslogd,优先级为2
[program:portsyncd]
command=/usr/bin/portsyncd -p /usr/share/sonic/hwsku/port_config.ini
priority=4
autostart=false
autorestart=false
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

#intfsyncd,优先级为2
[program:intfsyncd]
command=/usr/bin/intfsyncd
priority=5
autostart=false
autorestart=false
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

#neighsyncd,优先级为6
[program:neighsyncd]
command=/usr/bin/neighsyncd
priority=6
autostart=false
autorestart=false
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

#swssconfig.sh,优先级为7
[program:swssconfig]
command=/usr/bin/swssconfig.sh
priority=7
autostart=false
autorestart=unexpected
startretries=0
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

#arp_update,优先级为8
[program:arp_update]
command=/usr/bin/arp_update
priority=8
autostart=false
autorestart=unexpected
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

#vlanmgrd,优先级为9
[program:vlanmgrd]
command=/usr/bin/vlanmgrd
priority=9
autostart=false
autorestart=false
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

[program:intfmgrd]
command=/usr/bin/intfmgrd
priority=10
autostart=false
autorestart=false
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

[program:buffermgrd]
command=/usr/bin/buffermgrd -l /usr/share/sonic/hwsku/pg_profile_lookup.ini
priority=10
autostart=false
autorestart=false
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

[program:enable_counters]
command=/usr/bin/enable_counters.py
priority=11
autostart=false
autorestart=false
stdout_logfile=syslog
stderr_logfile=syslog

[eventlistener:mylistener]
command=/usr/bin/watcherd
events=PROCESS_STATE

start.sh

#!/usr/bin/env bash

mkdir -p /etc/swss/config.d/

sonic-cfggen -d -t /usr/share/sonic/templates/switch.json.j2 > /etc/swss/config.d/switch.json
sonic-cfggen -d -t /usr/share/sonic/templates/ipinip.json.j2 > /etc/swss/config.d/ipinip.json
sonic-cfggen -d -t /usr/share/sonic/templates/ports.json.j2 > /etc/swss/config.d/ports.json

export platform=`sonic-cfggen -H -v DEVICE_METADATA.localhost.platform`

rm -f /var/run/rsyslogd.pid

supervisorctl start rsyslogd

supervisorctl start orchagent

supervisorctl start portsyncd

supervisorctl start intfsyncd

supervisorctl start neighsyncd

supervisorctl start swssconfig

supervisorctl start vlanmgrd

supervisorctl start intfmgrd

supervisorctl start buffermgrd

supervisorctl start enable_counters

# Start arp_update when VLAN exists
VLAN=`sonic-cfggen -d -v 'VLAN.keys() | join(" ") if VLAN'`
if [ "$VLAN" != "" ]; then
    supervisorctl start arp_update
fi

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