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初中英语句子成分例句及详解

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初中英语句子成分例句及详解

初中英语句子成分例句及详解

1. 主语(subject):句子说明的人或事物。

The sun rises in the east (名词) He likes dancing. (代词)

Twenty years is a short time in history. (数词) Seeing is believing. (动名词)

To see is to believe.(不定式) What he needs is a book.(主语从句)

It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree.

(It形式主语,主语从句是真正主语)

(一)指出下列句中主语的中心词

① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom.

② There is an old man coming here.

③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year.

④ To do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult.

2. 谓语(predicate):是对主语加以陈述,表示主语的行为或状态,常用动词或者动词词组担任,放在主语的后面。

We study English. He is asleep.

(二). 选出句中谓语的中心词

① I don't like the picture on the wall. A. don't B. like C. picture D. wall

② The days get longer and longer when summer comes. A. get B. longer C. days D. summer

③ Do you usually go to school by bus? A. Do B. usually C. go D. bus

④ There will be a meeting at the library this afternoon.

A. will be B. meeting C. the library D. afternoon

⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast? A. Did B. twins C. have D. breakfast

3. 表语(predicative):系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。

He is a teacher. (名词) Seventy-four! You don’t look it. (代词)

Five and five is ten. (数词) He is asleep. (形容词)

His father is in.(副词) The picture is on the wall. (介词短语)

My watch is gone / missing / lost. (形容词化的分词)

The question is whether they will come. (表语从句)

(常见的系动词有: be, sound(听起来), look(看起来), feel(摸起来,smell(闻起来), ......余下全文>>

初中英语句子成分有几种

在明确了主语后,我们再来说谓语。谓语是用来回答、说明、解释主语

做什么

什么

怎么样

等的部分。英语句子中,除少数情况外,谓语必须是动词。而且,除了倒

装等特殊情况外,谓语的位置相对来说是固定的,它总是位于主语的后面。

1. His parents are teachers.

(系动词和表语一起作谓语)

2. We study hard.

(行为动词作谓语)

3. We have finished reading the book.

(助动词和行为动词一起作谓语)

4. He can speak English.

(情态动词和行为动词一起作谓语)

(三)

、宾语

从语法角度说,及物动词后面要接宾语

(

介词后也有宾语

)

。从意义上来说,宾语是动

作的对象、目标。

宾语是对谓语动词的进一步说明和解释。

1. We often help him.

(代词作宾语)

2. He likes to play basketball.

(不定式作宾语)

3. We enjoy listening to the music.

(动名词短语作宾语)

4. She said

that she felt sick.

(从句做宾语)

The sun gives us light and warmth.

us

为间接宾语,

light and warmth

为直接宾语)

1

、间接宾语多指人,直接宾语多指物。可以带两个宾语的动词有:

bring, give, show, send,

pass, tell

等。

间接宾语一般放在直接宾语的前面。

2

、如果强调直接宾语,可把直接宾语放在间接宾语的前面,但间接宾语前须加介词

“to”

“for”

to

的动词有:

give, bring, pass, lend, sell, send, show, tell, write

等。

Give your mother the letter.

Give

the letter

to

your mother.

直接宾语

间接宾语

for

的动词有:

buy, find, cook, draw, get, sing

等。

Can you find me my bag?

Can you find

my bag

for

me?

直接宾语

间接宾语

这正是:人前物后看清楚,换位要加

for

to

(四)

、宾语补足语

现在一般认为,宾语补足语是对宾语进行进一步的补充说明。宾语补足语主要与英语及物

动词有关。这个问题我想分两点来说明。

1

、英语中有些及物动词,不但会涉及到一个对象

(

宾语

)

,还会使宾语产生一种结果。动词

引发宾语的结果就是宾语补足语。例如:

We call him Little Tom. (

称呼的对象是

him,

称呼的结果是

Little Tom. Little Tom

就是宾语

补足语。

)

They made her happy.

(make

使

her

怎么样了?

happy

作进一步的补充说明,

那么

happy

是补语。

)

I find smoking bad for health. (find

的对象是

smoking,

结论是

bad for health.)

这一类......余下全文>>

初中英语句子成分

我怎么记得是pay attention to doing呢,to 应该是介词吧,这里的finishing building the bridge应该是宾补。

满意请采纳,谢谢。

初中英语分析句子结构~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The two high school student( who fought bravely against bad persons on the bus in Jiangxi )were highly praised

把括弧中的部分拿掉,仍让是一个完整的句子 。were 复数动词 那么student要不要加s,特别是the tw已经指出

谓语前面一般放的是主语

The two high school student 主语=以student为中心词的名词词组的左半边,前置定语

那么who fought bravely against bad persons on the bus in Jiangxi 就是用来修饰中心词的从句,后置定语

整个主语就是以student为中心词的名词词组

The two high school student who fought bravely against bad persons on the bus in Jiangxil

这里被从句修饰的名词student就叫先行词,who 就是关系代词 也就是一个定语从句

可数名词复数前可以不加冠词表同种类persons

the+可数名词单数 也是表示同种类the bus

Jiangxil 专有名词前用,零冠词=不加冠词

were praised 被动语态

这两个在江西公交车上勇敢打击坏人的高中生被高度表扬

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